Regenerating waters

May 2010

ENJOY!

May 28, 2010 5:58 PM
Christina Rasmussen

...MORE IDYLLIC EXPERIENCES ON THE NEW WATER LANDSCAPE

Turning the water issue into an urban quality.

  

ENJOY!

May 28, 2010 5:56 PM
Christina Rasmussen

...THE CHANGING LEVELS OF EXPERIENCES ON KRØYERS SQUARE

Aiming for consciousness and water to rise at the same time!

  

DREAMING ON TO DETAILS

May 28, 2010 5:45 PM
Christina Rasmussen

...IN ORDER TO MAKE THE SQUARE MORE INTERACTIVE WITH ENVIRONMENT AND USERS

Trees and plants become furniture or vice versa: energy-conscious, environment-conscious and fun!

Enclosures becoming kiosks, tourism information, Rent-a-bike store, city resilience museum...

Inspiration from the vegetal world just as the water-bike, ...AND PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION, "Dreaming further...the water city" section

  

MOVING WATERS

May 28, 2010 5:40 PM
Christina Rasmussen

INTERACTING WITH WATER...

Where does the water penetrate and inundate the square?

  

FUNCTIONNAL AND QUALITATIVE ASPECTS

May 28, 2010 5:17 PM
Christina Rasmussen

Resilient spaces cannot exist unless both environmental aspects and functionnal aspects are met and answered. It is the equation sine qua non for life and urbanity in the new created square:

URBANITY = (ENVIRONMENT + USE)*QUALITY

It concerns simple things such as accessibility from land and water, views and discoveries for our curiosity, diversity of materials and experiences for our senses.

  

MOVING WATERS

May 28, 2010 5:10 PM
Christina Rasmussen

THE THEORY...

THE APPLICATION...

See where the water penetrates and inundates the square MOVING WATERS (further up), "Proposal in site" section

  

GENESIS OF A RESILIENT URBAN SQUARE

May 28, 2010 5:03 PM
Christina Rasmussen

How to gain dry surfaces whenever water rises? The ups and downs of the water level, aswell as the ups and down of the deck parts, create special spaces and experiences that puts the users in a direct relation to his environment, seeing the effect of the flooding tides on this urban place. The ups become deck, roof, bridge and give usable m² at high water level. They can also have an energetic function: some of the triangles being photovoltaic slabs provide the nearby urban kiosks and buildings with electricity, some gives shadow and fresh atmosphere allowing a depression and thereby a cooling draught on the site, some on the ground are planted and gives permeability to the square.

See suggestions of materials in the FUNCTIONNAL AND QUALITATIVE ASPECTS, "Proposal in site" section
See 3D visualizations in the "Dreaming further...the water city" section

  

DESIGNING THE NODES...PLACE-MAKING

May 28, 2010 4:50 PM
Christina Rasmussen

As the city has developed and taken on the Øresund sea, now the waters take back the land as the sea level rises – up to 50 cm in Denmark. The city needs more pocket parks, green spaces, where water can percolate into the ground, evaporate, rise and sink at its own natural pace.
Those new spaces will be coupled with the mobility network nodes. High and dry public squares, low and marshy parks will create a general undulating landscape.

KRØYERS SQUARE is situated in the very center of Copenhagen, facing the new Theatre House and the old harbour part Nyhavn. BUT it is located on the less frequented side of the water. A bridge is meant to connect the 2 sides close by the square. It is a good stopping point for the Harbour Express as well. Thus it is an important mobility node in becoming!

The Local Plan suggests the placing of housings there and many proposal have been done but none passed the citizens veto. The question is then: should it really be one more constructed site in Copehagen or could we rather use it in a mobility-watermanagement plan? After all, urban and social resilience exists in the fine balance between density and open spaces: I propose to create a resilient wadi square on that node.

What is a wadi? Basicaly it is a pond that fills and empties with water. See what it can be in MOVING WATERS, "Proposal in site" section

  

...AND PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION

May 28, 2010 4:43 PM
Christina Rasmussen

Luc Schuiten, a Belgian architect, has a vision about a Vegetal City, where transport in this chenillard also would be sustainable and CO2 neutral.  He takes his inspiration in the nature's logic and forms. Thinking in terms of Copenhagen as a water city, I propose the water-bike.

Imagine the canals as populated as the Italian city streets in the years of la dolce vita... Copenhagen aims to become again the most bicycle populated city: here is the vision of what that age could be in the days of Smukke byliv, meaning the beautiful city life.

See the PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION ON CITY WATERS, "Proposal in site" section

  

...AND PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION

May 28, 2010 4:35 PM
Christina Rasmussen

WHY SHOULD EVERYONE HAVE A BOAT WHEN THEY HAVE A BIKE?

If infrastructure can be created for city-bikes (example here top-left is from Rafael Schmidt's design) and rentals, then why not a city-water-bike...a boat for your bike?

  • no dependency on public transportation
  • giving the canal waters to the citizens (big boats rarelly pass anyway...)
  • decongesting the main crossing ways and bridges
  • corresponding to the sportive and maritime spirit of Danes
Sharing the waters, see the PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION ON CITY WATERS, "Proposal in site" section
See parking and access on Krøyers Plads in FUNCTIONNAL AND QUALITATIVE ASPECTS, "Proposal in site" section

  
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COPENHAGEN'S MOVING WATERS

by Christina Rasmussen

CITY? Copenhagen - Denmark

A high percentage of impermeable surfaces, rise of sea level, heavier weather conditions, these are some of the increasing environmental stresses cities have to deal with. Water cities and settlements on coasts are highly exposed!


As Fransje Hooimeijer expresses in her publications, four phases revealing different attitudes toward water are visible through history: from passive and accepting, to defensive, offensive and manipulative. The last one stands for the last years engineer work done to canalize and control water in the city. The systems are too rigid and risks for collapsing is increasing with the environmental stresses.

The moto could then be: to answer climate problems and play with environment within its own rules. This would mean to aknowledge the happening of environmental changes and to integrate it in the urban development and design. This means a wadi-designed square and a new mobility alternative/plan, all connected to the city's most important element: water.


Here is my proposal for a more adaptive management of water, integrated in a plan for mobility and shaping resilient urban spaces into the city of Copenhagen.

PRINCIPLES AND ASPECTS?

In terms of resilience principles, stress will be put on carbon dependency reduction, systems diversity, infrastructure durability and design responsive to nature systems.

Ideas will be oriented towards light mobility (pedestrian and bikers), transit supportive planning and place-making, thereby supporting density, diversity & mixity, local sources and complete communities. Those are the considered urban design principles.

 
 
 
 
 
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